Environmental External Costs of Transport

Environmental External Costs of Transport

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Transport causes a wide range of damage to human health, ecosytems and materials which are not reflected in the prices for transport. Thus, the damage caused by cars, planes, ships and trains should be known and transformed into monetary values, so called external costs. Within this book, a method to estimate the external costs stemming from the emissions of atmospheric pollutants of transport, including damage from greenhouse gases, fine particles, ozone, nitrous oxides, benzene and other carcinogenic substances, is described and applied to calculate the external costs of a huge number of current and future transport techniques operating in different locations all over Europe. A number of case studies demonstrate how the results can be used to aid policy decisions. The book is an important basis for assessing transport techniques, discussing transport taxes and charges and implementing ecopolitical instruments.While real repair costs are higher, this is compensated by the fact that the numbers for alt;97 cars represent an average over the current fleet and include models that are much larger than the subcompact Peugeot 106. That can be seen from theanbsp;...

Title:Environmental External Costs of Transport
Author: Rainer Friedrich, Peter Bickel
Publisher:Springer Science & Business Media - 2001-09-25

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