Molecular Mechanisms for Repair of DNA

Molecular Mechanisms for Repair of DNA

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An qageq has passed in the 40 years since we first observed recovery from radiation damage in irradiated bacteria. During the early 1930s, we had been discussing the possibility of rapid changes after radiation exposure with Farring ton Daniels, Benjamin Duggar, John Curtis, and others at the University of Wisconsin. After working with living cells, we had concluded that organisms receiving massive insults must have a wide variety of repair mechanisms available for restoration of at least some of the essential properties of the cell. The problem was how to fmd and identify these recovery phenomena. At that time I was working on a problem considered to be of great importance-the existence of the so-called mitogenetic rays. Several hundred articles and a score of books had already appeared dealing with mitogenetic rays, a type of radiation that was thought to exist in the shorter ultraviolet region. Our search for mitogenetic rays necessitated the design of experiments of greatest sensitivity for the detection of ultraviolet. It was vital that conditions be kept as constant as possible during exposure. All the work was done at icewater temperature (3-5AdC) during and after exposure. We knew that light was an important factor for cell recovery, so all our experiments were done in dim light, with the plated-out cells being covered with dark cloth. Our statements on the effect of visible light stimulated Kelner to search for qphotoreactivation' (as it was later called).Our analysis of the photoenzymatic repair process was based on the following facts and considerations. 1. We had shown in two ways that a single flash repairs virtually all of the enzyme-substrate complexes present at that moment: (a) A flashanbsp;...

Title:Molecular Mechanisms for Repair of DNA
Author: Philip Hanawalt
Publisher:Springer Science & Business Media - 2012-12-06

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